Energy and Critical Infrastructures

Sustainability is playing an increasingly important part in modern strategic corporate governance. Where economic objectives and  ecological goals coincide, investments can be made which reduce resource and energy needs of companies and residential customers, and adjust power consumption to fluctuating electricity supply.

FIM’s research team ‘Energy and Critical Infrastructures’ particularly addresses:

  • innovative grid and market designs
  • e-mobility  and mobility services
  • demand response in production systems and processes
  • Big data analytics of residential HVAC demand.

We develop strategies for sustainable use of energy resources (e.g. in the fields of demand response and smart mobility) and identify risks in critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity and value networks).

We particularly focus on flexibility in electricity consumption, i.e., the dynamic adaptation of demand to supply – also known as demand side management (refer e.g. to our ‘SynErgie’ project where we contribute important guides for the German energy transition). For this transition to be successful, IT  has to provide solutions for plethora of applications ranging from individual power consumers to intelligent electricity grids and markets.

Our research team looks especially at these intelligent networks and – given our economic background – at their connection and effect on electricity markets.

Our interdisciplinary team also develops IT-based business models, especially for smart grids, smart factories, smart homes, smart mobility solutions, and smart markets. These models include important insights from user behavior and acceptance analysis, and incorporate results from profitability and sustainability evaluation.

Last but not least, we specialize in big data analytics of residential HVAC demand.

Our research thus goes beyond reducing the environmental footprint of IT itself (“Green IT”). Rather, we examine  how smart use of IT can empower companies and residential customers to use (energy) resources more efficiently and sustainably (“Green IS”). This area of research is most often referred to as “energy informatics”.

At FIM, we use integrated risk and return management methods, valuation models from the financial and banking sector, as well as economic and mathematical optimization and simulation methods.


    • ​SynErgie, Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), 2016 – 2019, Synchronisierte und energieadaptive Produktionstechnik zur flexiblen Ausrichtung von Industrieprozessen auf eine fluktuierende Energieversorgung
    • Elektra, Süddeutsche Premiumautomobilhersteller, 2016-2017, Entwicklung eines Big-Data-Bewertungswerkzeugs für Fahrstromangebote und Schnellladeinfrastruktur
    • BigDapesi, VDI/VDE, 2016 – 2018, Big-Data-Analyse und -Prognose von Energieverbrauch und Sanierungskosten bei Immobilien

Based on the results of the research projects, the Research center FIM regularly publishes in international journals and conferences. Selected publications are:

The "Insurance Effect" : How to increase the Investment Amount in Green Buildings ; A Model-Based Approach to reduce the Energy Efficiency Gap
in: Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 2018
Buhl, Hans Ulrich
Gaugler, Tobias
Mette, Philipp
Flexible IT-platform to Synchronize Energy Demands with Volatile Markets
presented at: 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Taichung City, Taiwan, 2017
Bauer, Dennis
Abele, Eberhard
Ahrens, Raphael
Bauernhansl, Thomas
Fridgen, Gilbert
Jarke, Matthias
Keller, Fabian
Keller, Robert
Pullmann, Jaroslav
Reiners, René
Reinhart, Gunther
Schel, Daniel
Schöpf, Michael
Schraml, Philipp
Simon, Peter
Shifting Load through Space : the Economics of Spatial Demand Side Management Using Distributed Data Centers
in: Energy Policy, 2017
Fridgen, Gilbert
Keller, Robert
Thimmel, Markus
Wederhake, Lars
Estimating the benefits of cooperation in a residential microgrid : a data-driven approach
in: Applied Energy, 2016
Fridgen, Gilbert
Rieger, Alexander
Thummert, Robert
Kahlen, Micha
Ketter, Wolfgang
Providing Utility to Utilities : the Value of Information Systems Enabled Flexibility in Electricity Consumption
in: Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 2016
Fridgen, Gilbert
Häfner, Lukas
König, Christian
Sachs, Thomas
Energy Cooperatives as an Application of Microgrids : Multi-Criteria Investment Decision Support
presented at: 36th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), 2015, Fort Worth, Texas, 2015
Fridgen, Gilbert
Gründler, Anna
Rusic, Milos
The Value of Information Exchange in Electric Vehicle Charging
presented at: 35th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2014), Auckland, New Zealand, 2014
Fridgen, Gilbert
Mette, Philipp
Thimmel, Markus
In addition to projects with industry partners, the research team Energy and Critical Infrastructures is engaged in multiple activities that aim to foster knowledge exchange with fellow scholars as well as among scholars and practitioners. Selected activities are: 

  • Environmental Commissioner of the University of Bayreuth (appointed by president Prof. Leible) 
  • member of the Programme Commission of the E.ON Stipendienfonds (Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft) 
  • series of lectures „Blockchain Technologie und Smart Contracts“ organized together with „Forschungsstelle für Verbraucherrecht“ (FfV), Bayreuth: 2017 
  • Programme Chair of Energy Informatics & Management as part of the Erasmus Energy Forum, Rotterdam: 2015, 2016 
  • co-organizer of the 11th workshop of junior professorships and post-docs in the field of Business and Information Systems Engineering, Augsburg, 2011 
  • editor of the Special Issue on “Green Information Systems & Technologies: This Generation and Beyond” for the journal Information Systems Frontiers, 2013 
  • Track Chair “Green Information Systems” at 21st European Conference on Information Systems, Utrecht, 2013 
  • Minitrack Chair “Information Systems for Sustainable Business Practices and their Organizational Adoption” at 18th Americas Conference on Information Systems, Seattle, 2012 
  • program committee/Associate Editor:
    – International Conference on Information Systems: 2013-2016
    – European Conference on Information Systems: 2012, 2014-2016
    – Internationale Tagung Wirtschaftsinformatik: 2015, 2017
    – Multikonferenz Wirtschaftsinformatik: 2012-2018
    – Americas Conference on Information Systems: 2011
    – International Conference on Electronic Commerce: 2011, 2012
    – Energy Informatics & Management: 2017
    – Smart Europe: 2016 
  • Reviewer:
    – IS Journal Marketplace: Seit 2015
    – Journals: i.a. ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems, Business & Information Systems Engineering, Electronic Markets, Energy Policy, IEEE Systems Journal, Information Systems Frontiers, Information Systems Journal, Journal of Information Technology
    – Conferences: u.a. International/European/American Conferences on Information Systems, Wirtschaftsinformatik, Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST), Multikonferenz Wirtschaftsinformatik
    Institutions: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Germany), Agency for Quality Assurance and Accreditation Austria (AQ Austria) 

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